Happiness – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Happiness: Content; enjoys life

Low level of Happiness

  • May currently be unhappy or not excited about one’s life
  • Has difficulty enjoying life
  • Withdrawn from social situations or friends
  • Dispirited; worries a lot
  • EQ strengths in other areas may be dampened by one’s unhappiness; others are unlikely to see strengths through a cloak of dissatisfaction

High level of Happiness

  • Satisfied with life
  • Pleasant to be around
  • Spirited and enthusiastic about life in general
  • Displays a healthy level of well-being
  • EQ strengths in other areas may be amplified by one’s happiness and satisfaction with life.

Happiness, sometimes referred to as the Well-being Indicator, is a composite measure that relates to Self-Regard, Optimism, Interpersonal Relationships, and Self-Actualization.

Optimism – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Optimism: Positive attitude and outlook on life

Low level of Optimism

  • May hold cynical or negative views of the world
  • Views a situation realistically
  • Expects and plans for the worst; recognizes potential problems
  • Sets goals that are likely to be conservative; anchors the group
  • May hold defeatist attitudes; less resilient in the face of adversity
  • Adept at playing the Devil’s advocate

High level of Optimism

  • Views the world in a positive light; positive about the future
  • Believes in oneself and others; sees the good in most things
  • Inspiring; hopeful approach to life and work
  • Can see the light at the end of the tunnel; perseveres

Optimism is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Stress Tolerance – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Stress Tolerance: Coping with stressful situations

Low level of Stress Tolerance

  • Emotions may get in the way of coping with stress
  • Less tolerant of stress and unpleasant things
  • May experience tension, anxiety, poor concentration, physiological symptoms or feelings of hopelessness when faced with stress
  • May over-commit on projects
  • Prefers to handle stress with others not alone

High level of Stress Tolerance

  • Uses a variety of coping strategies and mechanisms to deal with stress
  • Stays calm and maintains control under pressure
  • Manages emotions under stress
  • Resilient and able to remain composed when times get tough
  • Optimistic towards change and uncertainty

Stress Tolerance is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Flexibility – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Flexibility: Adapting emotions, thoughts and behaviors

Low level of Flexibility

  • Values tradition and routine; sticks to old habits
  • Rigidity in thinking and behavior; strong perseverance
  • May be against change in general, or change in oneself
  • Focused on completing tasks
  • May be unable to deal with the emotions associated with change

High level of Flexibility

  • Open to change; views change as refreshing and necessary
  • Compliant attitude; adaptable
  • Rolls with the punches
  • May be bored with the status quo

Flexibility is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Impulse Control – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Impulse Control: Resist or delay impulse to act

Low level of Impulse Control

  • Impulsive, impatient
  • Overactive
  • Passionate
  • Uses an act now, think later approach to making decisions; spontaneous
  • May respond in unpredictable ways to own emotions

High level of Impulse Control

  • Composed; calculative
  • Deliberate; surveys a situation before acting
  • Patient and calm; predictable behavior
  • Controls aggression; high tolerance for frustration
  • Avoids rash decision making
  • Resists the emotional pressure to act; patient
Impulse Control is a sub-scale of the Decision Making domain.

Reality Testing – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Reality Testing: Objective; see things as they really are

Low level of Reality Testing

  • May not validate thoughts/emotions against objective data
  • Subjective; easily biased by emotions
  • Prefers abstract to concrete
  • Sets unrealistic goals
  • Creative
  • May see things the way one wishes they were and not what actually exists
  • May describe things accurately without adding meaning

High level of Reality Testing

  • Grounded; tuned-in to the situation at hand
  • Objective
  • Verifies one’s thoughts/emotions against other data
  • Makes sensible decisions; sets realistic goals

Reality Testing is a sub-scale of the Decision Making domain.

Problem Solving – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Problem Solving: Find solutions when emotions are involved

Low level of Problem Solving

  • May be anxious or unable to get past the emotions involved in a problem
  • May not draw information from emotions in order to solve problems
  • Relies more on intuition rather than analysis
  • Sees the potential in numerous solutions
  • Overwhelmed with the responsibility of making a decision; may spend more time exploring options
  • Easily distracted by emotions
  • Focuses on tasks not people

High level of Problem Solving

  • Understands how to use emotions to solve problems
  • Maintains a clear focus on the problem at hand
  • Identifies problems readily; chooses the best solution from among many options
  • Gathers information and makes pro/con assessments
  • Focused demeanor

Problem Solving is a sub-scale of the Decision Making domain.

Social Responsibility – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Social Responsibility: Social consciousness; helpful

Low levels of Social Responsibility

  • More an individualist than a collectivist
  • More competitive than collaborative
  • Cut off from social groups/issues
  • May entertain antisocial attitudes
  • Selective on giving of time

High level of Social Responsibility

  • Interpersonally sensitive
  • Co-operative; contributing and concerned about the welfare of others
  • Upholds social rules/norms; responsible and dependable
  • Concern for the greater good/team/community
  • Gives of time freely

Social Responsibility is a sub-scale of the Interpersonal domain.

Empathy – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Empathy: Understanding, appreciating how others feel

Low level of Empathy

  • May struggle to understand how others feel
  • May not recognize the impact one’s behavior has on others
  • Insensitive to the needs of others
  • Misreads/misinterprets others’ feelings
  • Logic and facts dictate; focused on the task
  • Values self-reliance

High level of Empathy

  • Aware of, and can appreciate the feelings of others
  • Caring; compassionate
  • Takes others into consideration before acting
  • Reads people well
  • Able to walk in somebody else’s shoes

Empathy is a sub-scale of the Interpersonal domain.

Interpersonal Relationships – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Interpersonal Relationships: Mutually satisfying relationships

Low level of Interpersonal Relationships

  • Defensive, skeptical or closed to other people; private and introspective
  • May not build bonds that include mutual give and take
  • May be missing a network or resources to properly cope with demands
  • Relationships may lack depth, trust or compassion
  • Doesn’t share feelings

High level of Interpersonal Relationships

  • Invested in one’s relationships; maintains a healthy level of trust and compassion
  • Sociable and generally fun to be with
  • Looks at social change as positive
  • Builds authentic relationships and shares relevant information
  • Has a network to draw on for support when faced with challenges

Interpersonal Relationships is a sub-scale of the Interpersonal domain.