Helen Keller

Optimism – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Optimism: Positive attitude and outlook on life

Low level of Optimism

  • May hold cynical or negative views of the world
  • Views a situation realistically
  • Expects and plans for the worst; recognizes potential problems
  • Sets goals that are likely to be conservative; anchors the group
  • May hold defeatist attitudes; less resilient in the face of adversity
  • Adept at playing the Devil’s advocate

High level of Optimism

  • Views the world in a positive light; positive about the future
  • Believes in oneself and others; sees the good in most things
  • Inspiring; hopeful approach to life and work
  • Can see the light at the end of the tunnel; perseveres

Optimism is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Florence Nightingale

Stress Tolerance – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Stress Tolerance: Coping with stressful situations

Low level of Stress Tolerance

  • Emotions may get in the way of coping with stress
  • Less tolerant of stress and unpleasant things
  • May experience tension, anxiety, poor concentration, physiological symptoms or feelings of hopelessness when faced with stress
  • May over-commit on projects
  • Prefers to handle stress with others not alone

High level of Stress Tolerance

  • Uses a variety of coping strategies and mechanisms to deal with stress
  • Stays calm and maintains control under pressure
  • Manages emotions under stress
  • Resilient and able to remain composed when times get tough
  • Optimistic towards change and uncertainty

Stress Tolerance is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Farrah Gray

Flexibility – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Flexibility: Adapting emotions, thoughts and behaviors

Low level of Flexibility

  • Values tradition and routine; sticks to old habits
  • Rigidity in thinking and behavior; strong perseverance
  • May be against change in general, or change in oneself
  • Focused on completing tasks
  • May be unable to deal with the emotions associated with change

High level of Flexibility

  • Open to change; views change as refreshing and necessary
  • Compliant attitude; adaptable
  • Rolls with the punches
  • May be bored with the status quo

Flexibility is a sub-scale of the Stress Management domain.

Erma Bombeck

Impulse Control – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Impulse Control: Resist or delay impulse to act

Low level of Impulse Control

  • Impulsive, impatient
  • Overactive
  • Passionate
  • Uses an act now, think later approach to making decisions; spontaneous
  • May respond in unpredictable ways to own emotions

High level of Impulse Control

  • Composed; calculative
  • Deliberate; surveys a situation before acting
  • Patient and calm; predictable behavior
  • Controls aggression; high tolerance for frustration
  • Avoids rash decision making
  • Resists the emotional pressure to act; patient
Impulse Control is a sub-scale of the Decision Making domain.
Eleanor Roosevelt

Reality Testing – High and Low Attributes

Emotional Intelligence (Bar-On Model)

Reality Testing: Objective; see things as they really are

Low level of Reality Testing

  • May not validate thoughts/emotions against objective data
  • Subjective; easily biased by emotions
  • Prefers abstract to concrete
  • Sets unrealistic goals
  • Creative
  • May see things the way one wishes they were and not what actually exists
  • May describe things accurately without adding meaning

High level of Reality Testing

  • Grounded; tuned-in to the situation at hand
  • Objective
  • Verifies one’s thoughts/emotions against other data
  • Makes sensible decisions; sets realistic goals

Reality Testing is a sub-scale of the Decision Making domain.